What Causes Depression In Teens?
How Many Types of Antidepressants Are Available?
Antidepressants are a prominent type of therapy for depression. Although they cannot cure depression, they can alleviate its symptoms. Since depression alters the brain’s chemicals and functions, antidepressants affect the circuits and substances that send messages via the nerve pathways.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Noradrenaline And Specific Serotonergic Antidepressants (NASSAs)
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
Serotonin-norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
How Do Antidepressants Work?
What Are The Side Effects of Antidepressants?
- Feeling tense or jittery
- Nervousness and or feeling sick
- Indigestion and stomach pains
- Constipation appetite loss
- Decreased sexual drive
- Difficulty reaching or sustaining orgasm during sex or masturbation
- Erectile dysfunction
What Will Happen When I Stop Taking Antidepressants?
- Sleeping problems.
- An overall feeling of discomfort.
- Sudden and vivid nightmares.
- Anxiety or despair.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Suicidal thoughts.
- Mood changes.
- Dizziness, balance issues, or vertigo.
- Flu-like symptoms.
- Coordination problems.
- Tremors or muscle spasms.
Can People Become Addicted to Antidepressant Medications?
Treatment for Antidepressant Abuse
While antidepressants are not as addictive as alcohol, opioid, heroin, amphetamines, or cocaine, they may induce a temporary physical dependency, as shown by the withdrawal symptoms after quitting or lowering their usage.
Fortunately, antidepressant abuse can be treated by slowly discontinuing its consumption or seeking help from substance abuse rehabilitation facilities.
Frequently Asked Questions
- How long should I take antidepressants? Clinicians typically advise patients to take the drug for at least six to nine months, but it varies on a case-by-case basis. Note that it is imperative to consult a health professional before discontinuing antidepressant medications.
- Are antidepressants addictive? Antidepressants are not addictive but can cause physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms after quitting.
- How do I cut down or stop taking antidepressants? Gradually reducing your dose under the supervision of your doctor is the best approach to discontinuing most antidepressants.
- Can antidepressants interact with other medications? Antidepressants may have pharmacodynamic drug interactions, either increasing or decreasing the effects of another medication. Let your doctor know what drugs you’re taking before you start taking antidepressants.
- What if I drink alcohol or coffee while taking antidepressants? It is advisable to avoid drinking caffeine or alcohol while taking antidepressants. It may aggravate your symptoms or amplify the adverse side effects of antidepressants, such as sleepiness, dizziness, and coordination issues.
- What if I use street drugs while taking antidepressants? Antidepressants must not be used with street or illicit substances. People who take antidepressant medication should exercise caution when combining it with other drugs. It might exacerbate symptoms and lead to an increase in the dosage required to achieve the desired effect. Furthermore, substances such as heroin and cocaine are highly addictive and can have severe consequences.
- Will antidepressants affect my ability to drive safely? The use of antidepressants can induce dizziness, sleepiness, and blurred vision until the brain adapts to the drug. If these symptoms persist, try to avoid driving since it might result in an accident.
- Will antidepressants affect my sex drive and function? Antidepressants can affect your sexual drive and function at virtually any dose. Greater dosages are likely to raise the probability of adverse sexual effects. These effects usually go away after discontinuing the drug.
- Is it safe to take antidepressants while pregnant or breastfeeding? Taking antidepressants during pregnancy or while breastfeeding can have some negative consequences, such as potential birth abnormalities. Overall, however, this risk is relatively low.
- Can children and teens use antidepressants? The use of antidepressants in children and young people under the age of 18 is generally not advised. This is because, in rare circumstances, they might provoke suicidal thoughts and actions of self-harm. Antidepressant medications can be used to treat depression and anxiety in children and teens, but they must be taken under close medical supervision.
- Can the elderly use antidepressants? Antidepressants can successfully treat depression in the elderly. The use of SSRIs and SNRIs drugs is generally safe. However, because of the potential memory impairment and motor instability, they should be administered with caution.