This Article Provides Insight into the Following:
- Definition of inhalants and the prevalence of inhalant abuse
- Where inhalants products are obtained
- Types of inhalants
- The methods of inhalant abuse
- Treatment options for people addicted to inhalants
- Importance of teen residential treatment for inhalants
- How teen residential treatment for inhalants can help adolescents
As a parent or caregiver, our primary concern is the well-being and safety of our teenagers. However, in the US, substance abuse among adolescents, including the misuse of inhalants like whippets or nitrous oxide, has become a growing issue that can cause deep concern and uncertainty. Understanding the risks, signs of abuse, and the importance of timely treatment is crucial for both parents and teenagers alike. In this comprehensive guide, Key Healthcare aim to equip parents with the knowledge and resources necessary to navigate the challenging landscape of inhalant abuse. From shedding light on the dangers and effects of whippets and nitrous oxide to providing insights into effective teen treatment programs, this guide will empower you to take proactive steps in addressing addiction issue, offering support, and fostering a path towards recovery and well-being for your teenager.
What are Inhalants?
‘Inhalants’ is a general name for solvents, aerosol sprays, nitrites, and gasses often inhaled for their psychoactive properties. Even though these substances are intended to be used safely and constructively, they are often sniffed, snorted, or huffed by people intending to get high, as their chemical vapors induce mind-altering effects. Excessive use or abuse of inhalants can result in serious effects such as death or coma.
Prevalence of Inhalants
Children as young as 5-6 abuse inhalants; however, the peak age of abuse is 14-15. Even though the abuse can continue into adulthood, it often declines by 17-19 years. Additionally, it is more common in males than females. Higher abuse rates are often witnessed in teenagers with a history of physical/ sexual abuse, criminal behaviors, violence, antisocial attitudes, suicidal behavior, teen depression, family conflict, and drug abuse challenges. It is also common in communities with low income, mental health issues, and high unemployment rates.
The increasing number of cases of inhalant abuse among teenagers is concerning. According to the Alliance for Consumer Education, over 2.6 million teens aged 12-17 use inhalants annually to get high, oblivious of the physical, emotional, and mental detriments. Teen residential treatment programs aim to help such teenagers recover and lead healthy, productive, and fulfilling lives.
Where Are Inhalant Products Found?
Inhalant products such as cleaning fluids, glues, spray paints, and markers can be bought or obtained in homes and workplaces. Regardless of where they are found, they contain dangerous substances that can alter how the mind functions upon inhalation.
Types of Inhalants
Inhalants can be grouped into volatile solvents, aerosols, gasses, and nitrites.
- Volatile Solvents: Paint thinners, felt tip markers, gasoline, degreasers, paint removers, lighter fluid, rubber cement, glues, nail polish removers, correction fluids, and dry cleaning fluids.
- Aerosols: Spray deodorant, spray paints, hair spray, fabric protector spray, and vegetable oil spray.
- Nitrites: Butyl nitrite, amyl nitrite, and isobutyl nitrite, commonly sold as room odorizers or poppers.
- Gasses: Nitrous oxide, halothane, propane, butane, and chloroform gas
Inhalant Abuse Methods
Teens abuse inhalants by breathing them in through the nose and mouth, which often takes various forms such as:
- Sniffing or snorting fumes from a dispenser or container
- Spraying aerosols directly into the nose or mouth
- Inhaling psychoactive substances from a balloon, paper bag, or plastic (bagging)
- Placing a chemical-soaked rag over the nose or mouth
- Pouring them onto sleeves or collars and sniffing periodically
Effects of Inhalant Abuse on the Brain and Body
Inhalant abuse causes significant damage to the body and mind. This is because inhalants damage nerve fibers (the communication networks of brain and body cells) and limit the amount of oxygen reaching the brain, potentially damaging brain cells. Even though the damage severity is usually dependent on the affected brain area, here are the commonly observed effects:
- Speech problems
- Vision problems
- Planning, organization, and complex problem-solving difficulties
- Vision problems
- Memory problems
- Problems with movement, i.e., muscle spasms/ tremors, walking problems, and slow or clumsy movement
- Learning disabilities
- Personality changes
Signs and Symptoms of Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Abuse
Teen inhalant abuse often manifests physically, behaviorally, psychologically, and socially.
Physical Symptoms of Inhalant Abuse
Check for the following physical symptoms if you suspect that your teen abuses inhalants: sores around the mouth, bloodshot eyes, runny nose, drunken appearance, paint/ stains on face or clothing, significant weight loss, chemical odors on breath or clothes, and frequent nosebleeds.
Behavioral Symptoms of Inhalant Abuse
The following behavioral symptoms are often witnessed in teens who abuse inhalants: frequent mood swings, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, unexplained personality changes, neglect of responsibilities, a noticeable decline in academic/occupational performance, increased secrecy, lying about activities and possession of inhalant paraphernalia such as bags and empty containers.
Cognitive Symptoms of Inhalant Abuse
Inhalant abuse often results in difficulties with attention, memory, and concentration, impaired judgment, slurred speech, slow thinking processes, visible confusion, hallucinations, disorientations, and delusions. Note that some of these symptoms persist even after the effects of inhalants wear out.
Social Symptoms of Inhalant Abuse
Common social consequences of inhalant abuse include teen isolation, strained relationships with loved ones, withdrawal from friends, families, and social activities, involvement in illegal activities, academic difficulties, and job loss.
Diagnosing Inhalant Abuse
During inhalant abuse diagnosis, treatment professionals perform clinical testing to check for abnormal lab results, such as elevated liver enzymes. They also test the teenager’s blood and bodily tissues using the gas chromatography technique and may perform specific urine tests to trace toluene, benzene, and similar substances.
Treatment Options Available for People Addicted to Inhalants
Here are some of the therapeutic approaches and programs used to help teens overcome an inhalant use disorder:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
CBT for teens is a type of psychotherapy used to help teenagers change their thought patterns and overcome maladaptive behaviors. It is premised on the idea that our thoughts, feelings, and actions are connected; therefore, we can change our behaviors by changing our thoughts. This therapeutic approach is administered through activities and techniques such as journaling, behavioral experiments, cognitive restructuring, problem-solving, relaxation, stress management, and guided discovery. Its benefits include harmful behavior reduction, improved emotion regulation, problem-solving, and relationship-building.
Motivational interventions are therapeutic approaches and strategies that increase teenagers’ motivation to achieve behavioral change and actively participate in treatment and recovery. At Key Healthcare, we administer motivational interviewing to assure adolescents they are not alone in their struggles and encourage engagement in issue exploration and solution-finding.
The family involvement in substance abuse treatment plays an important role in successful recovery. Residential treatment facilities, therefore, include teen family therapy in their programs to help households understand and resolve underlying problems within the family dynamic. It allows teens, parents, and other family members to learn new communication strategies, develop healthier relationships, and explore the issues causing teen distress. Teens are also empowered to share their feelings openly and honestly with other family members.
Activity and Engagement Programs
Activity and engagement programs such as outdoor adventures, sports, and skill-building workshops can help teens overcome inhalant use by offering constructive outlets and fostering a sense of purpose. They help teens develop new hobbies and interests and encourage teamwork, social interaction, and healthy peer relationships for positive behavioral change and substance abuse management.
Support Groups and 12-Step Programs
12-step programs and support groups offer valuable support and guidance to teens with substance abuse problems. They provide a safe and non-judgmental space where teens with similar experiences and struggles can connect and develop healthy coping strategies, share experiences, cultivate a sense of spirituality and establish accountability. They also foster a sense of community, offer mentorship and encourage self-reflection, helping teens build a healthy recovery foundation and navigate associated challenges.
Importance of Teen Residential Treatment for Inhalants
- Offer a specialized and structured environment for teenagers to overcome their inhalant abuse and work toward recovery
- Provide comprehensive and integrated care through medical, psychological, and social interventions to address the complex needs of inhalant addiction treatment.
- Allow teens with inhalant use disorders to focus fully on healing and recovery by removing triggers and negative influences.
- Equip teens with the necessary skills and resources for sustained recovery
How Teen Residential Treatment for Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Can Help Adolescents
Teen residential treatment programs offer individualized treatment plans, 24/7 support and supervision, and life skills training to help teens overcome inhalant use. Let’s expound.
Individualized Treatment Plans
Individualized treatment plans are tailored to the teenager’s needs, goals, and challenges. They outline specific strategies, interventions, and therapies to support an individual’s recovery.
Adolescents undergo medical detoxification during teen inhalant addiction treatment to eliminate toxins safely. Treatment professionals use non-narcotic, non-addictive medications such as Zofran, Vistaril, beta-blockers, and anticonvulsants to deal with nausea, vomiting, anxiety, tremors, and seizures experienced during inhalant withdrawals.
Inhalant abuse recovery programs administer psychotherapies such as CBT, DBT, and motivational interviewing to address the underlying factors of teen inhalant abuse, inspire behavioral change and teach positive coping and emotional regulation skills. Teenagers also receive a safe and supportive space to explore their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors and gain insight into their triggers.
Residential treatment centers administer family therapy to teens and their family members to inspire collaboration in teen treatment and recovery. Participants (family members) learn how to provide support and guidance for their adolescents best and take ownership of their problems for better relationships.
Inhalant detox and rehab programs offer ongoing support and resources such as 12-step meetings, group therapy, and individual counseling after teen residential treatment for progress maintenance and relapse prevention. Teen rehab aftercare program enhance residential treatment effectiveness by offering continued guidance, fostering a strong support network, and promoting long-term sobriety to help teens maintain a drug-free lifestyle.
24/7 Support and Supervision
Teen residential treatment facilities offer round-the-clock support and supervision to ensure teenagers’ safety, well-being, and continuous care. The ever-present staff members ensure a safe and nurturing environment for teens to overcome inhalant use through consistent monitoring, guidance, and assistance. This type of support and supervision also guarantees immediate response to relapse triggers or potential crises and creates a sense of security and accountability for enhanced successful recovery.
Life Skills Training
Life skills training equips teenagers in teen whippet addiction treatment with the tools and resources to navigate challenges without resorting to potentially destructive habits such as substance use. It also empowers them with the confidence and competence to build positive relationships, make healthier choices and pursue meaningful goals. At Key Healthcare, we train teens on healthy coping mechanisms, communication, and the importance of self-care.
Inhalant abuse can hinder teenagers’ growth, impair their cognitive abilities and affect their well-being. At Key Healthcare, we offer a residential treatment program for teens substance abuse disorder a structured and supportive environment for successful recovery. Our treatment professionals support and monitor adolescents round-the-clock for successful recovery. Kindly contact us to learn more about our offerings.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What are the Short-Term Effects of Inhalants?
The chemicals found in inhalants can produce the following effects during and shortly after intake: apathy, impaired judgment, aggressiveness, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, delirium, lethargy, slurred speech, general muscle weakness, stupor, and depressed reflexes. Substances such as toluene may also cause euphoria, giddy feelings, headache, and poor coordination.
What are the Long-Term Effects of Inhalants?
Inhalants such as whippets and nitrous oxide can result in the following long-term effects: loss of consciousness, cardiac arrest, widespread cellular damage (due to inadequate oxygen), brain damage, neuromuscular toxicity, damage to organs such as kidney and liver, permanent hearing loss, memory loss, death of brain cells, respiratory challenges, bone marrow damage, changes in personality and limb spasms.
How Can I Recognize Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Addiction in Teens?
The following warning signs of inhalant abuse should help you recognize inhalant addiction in teens: chemical odors on breath/ clothes, poor hygiene, and grooming, slurred speech, paint/ stains on hands, fingers, and clothes, significant behavioral changes (e.g., apathy), a significant decrease in appetite, unexplained weight loss, sudden change in friends and social circles, rapid decline in school performance, ulcers/irritation around the nose or mouth and visible signs of confusion.
How Long Does the Treatment for Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Take?
The treatment duration for inhalant use differs depending on the program. Our Key Healthcare inhalant abuse residential treatment program lasts 45-60 days depending on the teenager’s condition severity and their response to treatment.
What is the Process of Teen Residential Treatment for Inhalants?
Before admission to residential facilities, teens with inhalant abuse challenges are assessed thoroughly to understand their specific needs and challenges and develop tailored treatment plans. They enter a structured and supportive environment for 24/7 care and support. However, at Key Healthcare, we allow parents to visit our facilities for an in-person tour before teen admission to help them understand and familiarize themselves with our programs and offerings. Our patients also participate in behavioral therapies, counseling, life skills training, and other activities that promote self-reflection, personal growth, and long-term recovery throughout the treatment process.
How Can I Choose the Right Teen Residential Treatment Facility for Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide)?
When choosing a teen substance abuse treatment facility for inhalant use, you should consider several factors. First, ensure that the treatment facility specializes in teen substance abuse and has experience handling inhalant addiction. It should also be accredited and have licensed, experienced staff members ready to help teens overcome substance abuse challenges. Additionally, it must offer evidence-based therapies, interventions, aftercare support, and family-centered programs.
What are the Risk Factors for Inhalant (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Abuse?
The following factors can increase the risk of inhalant use in teenagers:
- Environmental factors such as negative peer pressure, easy access to inhalants, and a neglectful home environment
- Personal factors such as a history of trauma and abuse, teenage low self-esteem, and a tendency to seek sensation
- Teen mental health issues such as teen anxiety, conduct disorders, and depression
- Lack of parental supervision
Can Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Abuse Cause Permanent Damage to the Body?
Yes. Inhalants contain toxic chemicals that can cause permanent bodily damage. Prolonged or heavy use can result in neurological impairments, cardiac arrest, memory problems, cognitive deficits, and damage to the kidneys, bone marrow, brain, lungs, liver, and nervous system.
What are the Possible Relapse Triggers for Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide)?
The possible relapse triggers for inhalants can be environmental, social, and emotional. Environmental triggers include exposure to inhalants or environments associated with past inhalant use; emotional triggers include stress, negative emotions, and boredom; and social triggers include being around peers who use inhalants or social situations where inhalant use was prevalent. Teens in recovery should learn how to identify and manage these triggers.
How Can I Support a Teenager Struggling with Inhalants?
You can support a teenager struggling with inhalants by fostering open and non-judgmental communication, offering emotional support, actively listening to their experiences, encouraging healthy coping mechanisms, and seeking professional help and support.
Can Inhalant (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Abuse Lead to Other Addictions?
Even though not all teenagers who abuse inhalants develop other addictions, it can lead to additional substance abuse disorders. This is because inhalant abuse often alters the brain chemistry of users, increasing their likelihood of engaging in risky behaviors and experimenting with other substances to achieve similar/ heightened effects.
What are the Psychological Warning Signs of Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Abuse?
Psychological warning signs of inhalant abuse include sudden unexplained mood swings; increased irritability, agitation, and hostility; frequent episodes of depression or anxiety; delusions; hallucinations; confusion, and disorientation.
How Can Teen Residential Treatment Help With Inhalant (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Addiction?
Teen residential treatment offers comprehensive care, 24/7 support and supervision, and a structured and supportive environment to help teenagers overcome inhalant addiction. Teens also receive a break from negative influences and meet a supportive community for enhanced treatment and recovery outcomes.
How Can I Prevent Inhalant (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Abuse Among Teens?
Common strategies for preventing inhalant use among teens include:
- Using school programs, community initiatives, and parental education to raise awareness about the dangers of inhalant use.
- Openly discussing the risks and consequences of inhalant use with teenagers.
- Encouraging teenagers to use healthy coping strategies, such as sports and hobbies, to deal with stress and boredom.
- Establishing clear boundaries and rules regarding substance abuse within the family
- Providing a supportive and nurturing environment for teens to discuss their challenges and concerns instead of resorting to inhalant use
- Limiting access to inhalants by keeping away products that can be misused
- Encouraging teens to seek help and support
What are the Causes of Inhalant Addiction?
Inhalant addiction can result from the following:
- Psychological factors such as emotional distress and underlying mental health conditions, e.g., trauma
- Social factors such as peer pressure
- Environmental factors such as a stressful home environment
Where Can I Get Help for Inhalants (Whippet/ Nitrous Oxide) Addiction?
Consider the following if your teen is suffering from inhalant addiction:
- Seek help from professionals capable of offering evaluations and guidance and recommending the right treatment interventions, such as addiction specialists, doctors, and mental health professionals
- Obtain information and support from online resources, educational materials, and support groups
- Reach out to community organizations such as substance abuse counseling centers or rehab facilities for specialized programs
- Contact local substance abuse helplines or hotlines for immediate support.
Is Inhalant (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Abuse Common Among Teens?
Yes. Factors such as easy accessibility to inhalants, negative peer influence, curiosity, and zero awareness of the associated consequences have made teens more vulnerable to inhalants. According to estimates, 11% of high school students use inhalants to get ‘high,’ made possible by the psychoactive substances they contain.
What are the Success Rates of Inhalants (Whippets/ Nitrous Oxide) Treatment?
Determining the success rates of inhalant treatment can be challenging owing to factors such as the individual’s recovery commitment, availability of ongoing support, and complexity of individual cases. However, with comprehensive and evidence-based treatment, a strong support system, and continued engagement in aftercare programs, teenagers can overcome inhalant addiction and achieve long-term sobriety.